1983 & on going
Soil and water conservation projects aimed to prevent loss of water and fertile soil due to a small but harsh rainy season and conserving water for dry seasons along with charging of depleting ground water. In this region it rains for about 3 months and the remaining period os completely dry leading to single crop farming. The topography of the region is hilly, leading to a massive erosion during the monsoon season.
Against this back drop, the rain fed regions reveals a grim picture of poverty, water scarcity, rapid depletion of ground water table and fragile ecosystems, land degradation due to soil erosion by wind and water, low rainwater use efficiency, high population pressure, acute fodder shortage, poor livestock productivity, underinvestment in water use efficiency, lack of assured and remunerative marketing opportunities and poor infrastructure are important concerns of enabling policies. The challenge in rain fed areas, therefore, is to improve rural livelihoods through participatory watershed development with focus on integrated farming systems for enhancing income, productivity and livelihood security in a sustainable manner.
Rain fed situation would reveal that soil and water conservation, watershed development and efficient water management are the key to sustainable development of rain fed areas. The watershed approach has been accepted as a major theme for development of rain fed areas with a view to conserving natural resources of water, soil and vegetation by mobilization social capital. Through treatment of land was done, from the hill tops till the bottom of the water flow streams.
Watershed development projects, 2007 & on going
PEDO has concluded two watershed development projects covering 18 villages, the third project is currently in progress, where all the following activities were carried out:
- Drainage-line Treatment
- Gully plugging & loose stone check dams (1130 UNITS)
- Earthen Dams (11 Dams)
- Farm Ponds (17 Ponds)
- Water Harvesting & Ground water Recharge
- Masonry check dams (113 Masonry check dams)
- Sunken ponds (3 Ponds)
- Well Recharging (45 wells)
- Renovation of Old structures (3 Masonry Dams and 4 Earthen Dams)
- Field Bunding and terracing (500 Hectares)